Ana Catarina Zema was a postdoctoral fellow at Laval University, Quebec. She holds a doctorate in Social History from the University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil. Her research focuses on the historic struggle of indigenous peoples for rights and autonomy in the Americas. Since 2010, she has been contributing to research projects and scientific activities in the Study Group on Ethnic Rights - MOITARA (Faculty of Law at the UnB), in the Observatory of Indigenous Rights - OBIND and in the Laboratory of Interdisciplinary Studies on Access to Justice and Rights in the Americas - LEIJUS (Department of Latin American Studies of the UnB). Ana Catarina Zema is also part of the Working Group of the Latin American Social Sciences Council - CLACSO on Caribbean Critical and Decolonial Thinking. It aimed to investigate the evolution of practices and relationships between multinational mining companies and indigenous communities affected by extractive projects in two very different institutional and political contexts: Brazil and Canada.